Several weeks ago I described the golf swing in two pieces. I said if I could describe the swing in one piece I’d let you know. Well, here it is.
The title of this post is it: two turns and a swish, credited to legendary teacher John Jacobs.
But what does that phrase mean? That part isn’t so easy. From Jacobs we go to Jim Flick and his book with the most to-the-point title ever, On Golf.
In this book, Flick makes the clear statement that the golf swing is composed of turning motions and swinging motions. They are different, and are performed by different parts of the body. Some parts turn, other parts swing.
The turning elements are the shoulders, torso, hips, legs, knees, and feet.
The swinging elements are the club, the mind, the fingers and hands, the wrists, the forearms, the elbows, and the upper arms and shoulder sockets (in which the upper arms turn).
He makes the key point that the turning elements support and respond to the swinging elements. Swinging comes first, turning comes second.
Let’s move to Manuel de la Torre, who refines this concept in his book, Understanding the Golf Swing. He says (writing in broad terms) the hands produce the backswing, and the arms produce the forward swing.
On that second point, he uses the anatomical definition of the arm, which is the upper limb from the elbow to the shoulder. The limb from the elbow to the wrist is the forearm, and that is not used to produce the forward swing.
How do you integrate these two motions, the turn and the swing? For the recreational golfer, Flick advises “to let his feet and legs support him and move in response to the swing.” (I’ll assume that applies to women, too.)
de la Torre says the body turn takes place in response to the swing, and says nothing more about it. As far as the weight shift goes, which you hear about so much, the swing will produce it.
Both instructors are in firm agreement that the underlying concept in all of this is that what is swung is the club, not any body part. The club.
Let me throw in one idea that helps keep the swing and the turn working together. Flick calls it, “letting the air out.” The first move forward with the arms is a gravity move. The arms begin to drop in response to the pull of gravity. “Tour players will tell you they want to soften their arms precisely at the change of direction.”
Centrifugal force will build up the necessary speed by the moment of impact. By not forcing things at this critical instant, the swinging and turning elements integrate.
So there you have it: two turns and a swish (swing). Part of the body turns, part of it swings. Get those two parts straightened out and you’re on your way to hitting beautiful golf shots.